What is Alzheimer’s?

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia and is a progressive neurological disease that gradually destroys memory and other important mental functions. It is one of the biggest challenges facing aging populations worldwide.

Symptoms include memory loss and difficulty performing everyday tasks

Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease vary but usually include memory loss, difficulty performing everyday tasks, confusion about time and place, and difficulty with language and thinking. In the early stages of the disease, symptoms may be subtle and mistaken for normal aging, but they gradually become more severe and more noticeable over time.

The course of the disease is often progressive and follows a typical pattern

The course of Alzheimer’s disease is usually progressive and usually follows a typical pattern, with memory loss and confusion gradually worsening over several years. In later stages of the disease, the patient may become dependent on others to perform daily activities and may also experience other serious health problems such as difficulty swallowing and walking.

The cause of Alzheimer’s disease is not fully understood, but researchers believe that there are several factors at play

The causes of Alzheimer’s disease are not fully understood, but researchers believe that several factors are involved, including genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. Accumulations of two different types of protein in the brain, amyloid-beta and tau, are thought to be central to the development of the disease, leading to loss of nerve cells and memory loss.

Diagnosing Alzheimer’s disease is often challenging as the symptoms can resemble other forms of normal aging

The diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease is often a challenge because the symptoms can resemble other forms of dementia and normal aging. A thorough medical evaluation, including neuropsychological testing and sometimes brain imaging, is necessary to establish the diagnosis and rule out other possible causes of the symptoms.

There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease

Unfortunately, there is currently no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, but there are treatments and supports that can help alleviate symptoms and improve the quality of life for the patient. It includes drugs to slow disease progression and improve cognitive function, as well as therapy and support for both the patient and their family and carers.